Determination of the Longest Intrapatient Left Ventricular Electrical Delay May Predict Acute Hemodynamic Improvement in Patients After Cardiac Resynchronization TherapyCLINICAL PERSPECTIVE
Background—One of the reasons for patient nonresponse to cardiac resynchronization therapy is a suboptimal left ventricular (LV) pacing site. LV electric delay (Q-LV interval) has been indicated as a prognostic parameter of cardiac resynchronization therapy response. This study evaluates the LV delay for the optimization of the LV pacing site.
Methods and Results—Thirty-two consecutive patients (23 men; mean age, 71±11 years; LV ejection fraction, 30±6%; 18 with ischemic cardiomyopathy; QRS, 181±25 ms; all mean±SD) underwent cardiac resynchronization therapy device implantation. All available tributary veins of the coronary sinus were tested, and the Q-LV interval was measured at each pacing site. The hemodynamic effects of pacing at different sites were evaluated by invasive measurement of LV dP/dtmax at baseline and during pacing. Overall, 2.9±0.8 different veins and 6.4±2.3 pacing sites were tested. In 31 of 32 (96.8%) patients, the highest LV dP/dtmax coincided with the maximum Q-LV interval. Q-LV interval correlated with the increase in LV dP/dtmax in all patients at each site (AR1 ρ=0.98; P<0.001). A Q-LV value >95 ms corresponded to a >10% in LV dP/dtmax. An inverse correlation between paced QRS duration and improvement in LV dP/dtmax was seen in 24 patients (75%).
Conclusions—Pacing the LV at the latest activated site is highly predictive of the maximum increase in contractility, expressed as LV dP/dtmax. A positive correlation between Q-LV interval and hemodynamic improvement was found in all patients at every pacing site, a value of 95 ms corresponding to an increase in LV dP/dtmax of ≥10%.
- Received July 11, 2013.
- Accepted March 14, 2014.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.