Influence of Steroid Therapy on the Incidence of Pericarditis and Atrial Fibrillation After Percutaneous Epicardial Mapping and Ablation for Ventricular TachycardiaCLINICAL PERSPECTIVE
Background—This study evaluates the influence of 3 therapeutic approaches on the incidence of pericarditis and atrial fibrillation (AF) after percutaneous epicardial mapping and ablation for ventricular tachycardia.
Methods and Results—Eighty-five consecutive procedures (2006–2011) were retrospectively reviewed. After the first 17 procedures (20.0%), no steroids were administered. For the subsequent 30 procedures (35.3%), systemic steroids were administered intravenously or orally, whereas the last 38 procedures (44.7%) were followed by intrapericardial steroid injection. Compared with no steroids, the incidence of pericarditic chest pain was significantly reduced by intrapericardial steroids (58.8% versus 21.1%; P=0.006) but not by intravenous or oral steroids (58.8% versus 43.4%; P=0.31). There was no significant difference in the incidence of pericarditic ECG with steroids (36.8%, 30.0%, and 41.2% for intrapericardial, intravenous or oral, and none, respectively). There was a nonsignificant reduced incidence of chest pain with ECG changes with steroids (13.2%, 10.0%, and 29.4% for intrapericardial, intravenous or oral, and none, respectively). Radiofrequency applications (65.9% of procedures) did not affect the incidence of pericarditic ECG changes, pericarditic chest pain, or pericarditis (all P>0.05). In 7 (8.3%) patients with no prior history of AF, AF was documented a median 36 hours after procedure. Patients with pericarditic ECG tended to be at greater risk of AF (16.7 versus 3.6%; P=0.091).
Conclusions—There is a high incidence of pericarditic chest pain and ECG changes after epicardial ventricular tachycardia mapping and ablation. Pericarditic chest pain is significantly decreased by intrapericardial steroids. Procedure-related AF is relatively frequent and tends to occur more commonly with pericarditic ECG changes.
- Received October 6, 2013.
- Accepted May 28, 2014.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.